BATTLE OF WISBY

WELCOME TO THE BATTLE OF WISBY IV, AUGUST 2019

I projektet Battle of Wisby återskapas slagen i Mästerby och Visby 1361 för att hedra de som kämpade och föll på slagfälten. Men även för att uppmärksamma de trauman som följde för lokalbefolkningen på Gotland efter slagen.

Battle of Wisby 2016

Utöver de stora slagen i Mästerby och Visby ordnas flera evenemang under Medeltidsveckan inom projektet Battle of Wisby. Läs mer om dem här.

Battle of Wisby 2016

Battle of Wisby arrangeras i år för tredje gången och intresset har aldrig varit större. Flera hundra deltagare från 20 länder kommer att vara med på slagfälten. De flesta av deltagarna bor i ett härläger i Östergravar där de under Medeltidsveckan lever ett autentiskt medeltidsliv. Passa gärna på att besöka härlägret. Under veckan arrangeras även ett flertal föreläsningar som är värda ett besök.

SLAGET I MÄSTERBY
TORSDAG 11/8 KL. 14:00

Valdemar Atterdag möter på sin marsch mot Wisby ett hårdare motstånd än vad han kanske räknat med. Gutarna bjuder till kamp med stålvapen, pilregn och ett halsbrytande mod! Slaget i Mästerby återskapas med hundratals deltagare till fots och häst. En håd kam i omedelbar närhet till platsen för slaget 1361. Hör klangen av stål och vinande pilar.
Entré: Vuxen 80 kr, barn 40 kr, parkeringsavgift 20 kr/bil. Det finns även kombibiljett där bussresa från Visby t.o.r. ingår.

SLAGET VID RINGMUREN
LÖRDAG 13/8 KL. 14:00

Flera hundra deltagare från nästan 20 länder, återskapar ett av de mest kända och sägenomspunna slagen i Sveriges historia. Under eftermiddagen har du möjlighet att vara med om något unikt. Känn doften av svett och adrenalin. Hör slamret av hovar, klangen av stål och vinandet av pilar. Vill du se kämparnas förberedelser i härlägret så ingår detta i entréavgiften.
Entré: Vuxen 120 kr, barn 50 kr. 


HÄRLÄGER I ÖSTERGRAVAR
SÖN, MÅN, TIS, ONS, FRE KL. 11-17

Hur levde man i ett härläger på medeltiden? Hade de hus och kök? Fanns det barn där? Alla dessa frågor och fler därtill får du svar på vid ett besök i det medeltida härlägret. Här kan du möta soldater, hantverkare och andra innevånare i lägret. Se hur de lever och arbetar. Vill du veta något är det bara att fråga. Låt dig omfamnas av en atmosfär av intryck, dofter och ljud från en svunnen tid. Som då, fast nu!
Entré: Vuxen 50 kr, barn 20 kr, familj med barn upp till 120 kr.

STÅLVAPENTORNERING
FREDAG 12/8 KL. 14-17

Väl rustade kämpar möts i en våldsam kamp om seger och ära. I denna tornering med vapen av stål blandas mod och svett tillsammans med stolthet och stål. Var med och utse en favorit som du stödjer i seger och kanske nederlag. Känn doften av adrenalin, svett och damm. En kamp mellan viljor och med stål i hand. Passa även på att studera livet i härlägret. Hur lagar man mat och sover? Ett gyllene tillfälle att komma medeltiden in på livet... Bokstavligt talat!
Plats: Östergravar
Entré: Vuxen 80 kr, barn 40 kr.

SKOR OCH SKOMAKERI UNDER MEDELTIDEN
SÖNDAG 7/8 KL. 17:00

Hur sydde man skor under medeltiden? Vilka metoder och material använde man och vilka modeller var vanligast? En djupdykning i det omfattande skomaterialet från europeisk medeltid. Föreläsning av Henrik Summanen, fil mag arkeologi.
Plats: Best Western Strand Hotel
Entré:120 kr.

ITALIAN FASHION DURING THE LATE 14TH CENTURY
MÅNDAG 8/8 KL. 16:00

Discover the unique Italian fashion throughout frescoes and enluminures. Find out more about the wide corpus of data provided by sumptuary laws, inventories, registers of banned clothes and shopping lists. Lecture by Anna Attiliani, specialist in History.
Plats: Best Western Strand Hotel
Entré:120 kr.


A LOOK AT MEDIEVAL HUNTING
ONSDAG 10/8 KL. 13.00

We take a look at the medieval hunt in later part of 14th century. What is was, how it was done and what sources we have. Clothing, weaponry and gender in hunting will be talked about. We also take a look at dogs, doghandling, horns and equipment. Lecture held by Johan Käll, professional re-enactor.
Plats: Best Western Strand Hotel
Entré:120 kr.

TRIFLING TREASURES!? THE SOCIAL AND CULTURAL MEANINGS OF DRESS ACCESSORIES IN 14TH TO 16TH CENTURY EUROPE
TORSDAG 11/8 KL. 17:00

The word accessory, from the Latin accessories, means supplementary or non-essential. Although they were not crucial in protecting or covering the body, small items including belts, hats, hairnets, laces, rings, brooches and purses were imbued with social and cultural meaning. Isis Sturtewagen, PhD in History.
Plats: Best Western Strand Hotel
Entré:120 kr.


MAKING GARMENTS FOR THE BBC SERIES SECRETS OF THE CASTLE
FREDAG 12/8 KL. 17:00 

The lecture shows the different pictorial sources that were the inspiration for the garments, follows the process of turning images into wearable garments for working men and women, and offers a chance to study the different materials and techniques used. Christin Carnie, historical tailor.
Plats: Best Western Strand Hotel
Entré:120 kr.

Reenactment
of the battle

Reenactment of the battle

During week 32, the Battle of Wisby will be recreated on the island of Gotland. The aim is to recreate the battle in order to illustrate the way it may have played out in 1361. Reenactment is an excellent way to bring historical events to life, and as a result gain more understanding and knowledge about them. The battle will take place on Saturday.

BACKGROUND

Some facts about the battle:
From the mass graves outside Wisby, 1185 skeletons have been unearthed. In addition, many objects were found. Among these are 185 mail coifs, 28 coats of plates, 20 armoured gauntlets, 6 spurs, 38 arrowheads and 590 strap buckles. 

A number of written sources mention the invasion in 1361.
Among these are:
  • A stone cross that commemorates the battle. The cross was likely erected in relative conjunction with the events that took place on the island. The inscription relates the essential facts: the battle was fought outside the gates of Wisby, between Danes and Gotlanders, in the year 1361, on the 27th of July, and the foreign army was victorious.
  • The Franciscans of Wisby mention that some 1 800 peasants were killed in the battle.
  • There are many stories and legends concerning the battles of 1361. One of them says that the burghers of Wisby kept the city gates closed, refusing to let the army of local peasants in. We do not know if this is true. The Danish forces may have already been in place, blocking the path of the Gotlanders, and forcing them to fight outside the walls. Alternately, the Gotlanders may have chosen to engage in battle with the Danish army outside the walls, hoping to win.
REFERENCES
Thordeman, Bengt, Armour from the battle of Wisby 1361. 1, Text, Kungl. Vitterhets historie och antikvitets akademien, Stockholm, 1939

THE BATTLE
OF MÄSTERBY

THE BATTLE OF MÄSTERBY

During the event, the Battle of Mästerby will be recreated close to the site of that historical battle. Mästerby is located in the Gotlandic countryside. We wish to recreate the battle to illustrate how it might have played out at Mästerby in the year 1361. The battle will take place on Thursday.  

BACKGROUND/HISTORY

SOURCES DISCUSSING THE FIGHTING AT MÄSTERBY, 1361.

Several sources from approximately the same period discuss three battles on the island of Gotland 1361. Among these sources are:
  • Sjællandske Krønike, cirka 1365
  • Libellus de Magno Erici Rege, written sometime between 1365 and 1371
These sources do not mention the location of the battles, except the one outside Visby. The first source to specifically name Mästerby is the Cronica Guthilandorum, by H.N. Strelow, 1633. Strelow’s account was written long after the events of 1361, but it is possible that he had access to older sources, which were destroyed in a fire in 1735. He tells us that there were two battles at Fjäle Myr in Mästerby, over the course of two days, and that the Danish king had a stone cross erected at Grens gård. However, it is not very likely that Valdemar Atterdag himself had the cross put there – a more likely story is that the Gotlanders put it there themselves a few years later. 
Other things that indicate battles at Mästerby are, aside from the above sources, tales and oral tradition and various finds. Among these are:
  • Two rondel daggers
  • Arrowheads
  • Stirrups
  • Spurs
  • Lance heads
  • Parts of maces
  • Battle knives
  • Parts of armor, such as lamellas, buckles and fittings
  • Parts of chainmail
Many finds have been discovered, particularly during recent years, as archaeological excavations have been carried out in the area.  Sources, tales, finds and oral tradition provide us with unambiguous proof that there were indeed battles between the Danish and the Gotlanders at Fjäle myr in Mästerby parish, only days before the Battle at the Visby Ring-wall. 

Sources:
Lingström, M. (2007). Mästerby 1361: slagfältsarkeologi i Valdemar Atterdags fotspår. Gotländskt arkiv. (2007 (79), s. 141-150).
Link to the archaeological investigation at Mästerby (in Swedish only) 

THE REENACTMENT OF THE BATTLE OF MÄSTERBY, 1361

Will be updated later. More information to come. 

General
Equipment

General Equipment

Our aim is to display the material culture and dress of the Baltic region 1300-1400, with equipment appropriate for the Northern European Middle Ages. Participants are required to submit photos of their tents (if planning to stay in the camp) as well as their clothing (this goes for everyone).

CLOTHING

FOR WOMEN
  • Plain shift - white or unbleached linen/hemp
  • 14th century style dress - wool or silk
  • Veil and/or wimple - linen/hemp/wool/silk
  • Socks/short hose - of wool, sewn or needlebound
  • Turnshoes or soled hose 
FOR MEN
  • Shirt - white or unbleached linen/hemp
  • Braies - white or unbleached linen/hemp
  • Hose in 14th century style - wool
  • Kyrtil or other garment in 14th century style - wool or silk
  • Belt
  • Turnshoes or soled hose

IN GENERAL

  • If you are portraying a person of noble birth, you may use silk in your clothes. 
  • There is very little evidence of dyed linen fabrics in the area, so we ask you NOT to bring colored linen to this event – linen garments must be white or unbleached. 
  • The colors you choose for your wool/silk garments should be possible to create with natural dyes. 
  • You do not have to wear hand-sewn clothes, but machine-sewn seams must be completely invisible. 
  • Adornments such as tattoos and piercings must be hidden. This includes hair dyed in non-natural colors, as well as modern glasses.
    Please use contacts or obtain a pair of medieval style glasses. 

ACCOMODATION

TENTS 
All tents must be traceable within sources from 1300-1480, and be unbleached or white. You are required to keep your tents open to the public, and therefore they should be furnished according to the period and the type of person you portray. No visible modern objects are permitted. Nobles should display reasonably upscale furniture in their tents, while simpler people should, of course, have simpler furniture. 
CAMP EQUIPMENT 
All camp equipment and furniture must be traceable within sources from 1300-1400. This includes personal equipment such as eating utensils and cooking equipment.

Battlefield
Equipment

Battlefield Equipment

Your clothing and equipment must correspond to the material culture of the Baltic Sea area during the mid-14th century. We happily approve of well-worn equipment – the Danes have supposedly been campaigning for two years, and the Gotlanders would probably not have had access to particularly new equipment.

GENERAL

If you are reenacting a period post-1361, you will need to adjust your armour to make it correspond to the conditions of 1361. For example, globulus breastplates should be removed or covered with a surcote.
You may fight wearing arm plates, but we encourage you to wear chainmail instead. The fighting rules have been adapted to allow for fighters wearing light armor – as was probably the case for the common Gotlander. 

CLOTHING

The colors of your clothes should be possible to produce using plant dyes. Modern body adornments, haircuts and unorthodox hair colors must be covered. Modern glasses are not allowed. Fighters should wear woolen hose, some kind of kyrtle/tunic/doublet made from wool OR a gambeson. The only shoes allowed are medieval-type turnshoes.

GENDER

Everyone participating as fighters in the battles shall dress as, and appear as, men.

CATEGORIES ON THE BATTLEFIELD

FLEEING CIVILIANS

This group will never engage in any direct fighting. Members of this group will make the battle seem more realistic by adding more people to the battlefield. 

Equipment
  • 14th century clothing/equipment 

LIGHT TROOPS

This category will never engage in any direct fighting. They may, however, get hit by arrows. In this group there may be crossbowmen, bowmen, couriers, water carriers or soldiers acting as extras. 

Equipment
  • 14th century clothing/equipment. 
  • Helmet or a mail coif with padding.
  • Exceptions from weapon specifications (read more under "Fighter") will only be allowed if approved at muster. 

CROSSBOWMEN

According to Swedish law it is prohibited to use crossbows against humans, even when arrows are blunt. Because of this, crossbowmen will only fire towards areas not occupied by people. If you are interested in participating with a crossbow, please contact Thomas: thomas@battleofwisby.com

ARCHERS

Arrows must have good quality rubber blunts, which may not be fitted over any kind of metal heads. 
All arrows must be inspected by an official inspector prior to the battle. Arrows must be inspected continuously by the shooter and the unit leader to make sure that the rubber blunt has sustained no cracks or damage. If the arrow is damaged it must be broken in two, or put away. 
The arrows of a archer should be identifiable by a personal mark – otherwise it will be impossible to tell which arrow belongs to which shooter when the battle is over. 
Flat or D-shaped bows are allowed. For clout or indirect shooting, there is no draw weight limit. For direct shooting, draw weight must not exceed 70 lbs at your draw length. No Asian or Eastern European recurves are allowed. We welcome homemade bows made from indigenous types of wood, especially on the Gotlandic side. No plastic or other modern materials may be used. However, strings are not subject to this rule, as long as they come in discreet colours.

CAVALRY

Both sides will present a mounted force. When you apply for the event, tell us which side you would rather be on. We will do our best to meet your specifications, based on your skills, your horse and your equipment. 

Equipment
  • 14th century clothing/equipment. 

FIGHTER

The participants in this category will take active part in the fighting. 

Equipment
  • 14th century clothing 
  • Helmet, protecting head and temples 
  • Approved weapon for close combat, according to the Battle of Wisby rules 
  • Approved gauntlets 
  • We also recommend gum shields, as well as jockstraps. 
When facing an opponent who is wearing an open helmet, you are not allowed to fight with your visor down. A lot of people will have open helmets, and if all visors are up, visibility will improve significantly. Furthermore, you will probably be a bit more careful when engaging your opponents. All in all, this means a safer fight. You may not engage non-combatants, light infantry or horsemen unless specifically ordered to, and unless you have practiced this beforehand. 

ARMOUR SPECIFICS

HELMET

All helmets must protect the upper part of the head, including the temples. Helmets should be worn with some form of padding inside. A mail coif (even a padded one) is NOT considered a helmet. Kettle hats with eyeslits are not allowed. 

GAUNTLETS

As a minimum, gauntlets must be padded and reinforced with heavy leather on the back of the hand, the wrist and all fingers, including the thumb. 

WEAPON DIMENSIONS AND TYPES

No weapons can be unnecessarily heavy. They must be in good condition, and all notches on point and edge must be filed down. No sharp weapons of any kind are allowed on the battlefield. It is every commander’s responsibility to make sure that these general rules are followed. 

SWORDS 

Edge – 2 mm. Point diameter: 8 mm. 

DAGGER/KNIFE

Blade length: Max 30 cm. Edge: 1 mm. Point diameter: 8 mm. 

AXES/GLAIVES/BILLS

Edge: 3 mm. Corners: 18-20 mm. Point diameter: 8 mm. Pollaxes should be of earlier models. Pollaxes with holes in the blade are not allowed, neither are straight blades.

SPEARS 

Edge: 2 mm. Point: Rounded. At least 8 mm, and at least 3 mm thick. 

MACES 

The wings/edges of a mace must be at least 3 mm thick. Spiked clubs are not allowed. 

FLAILS AND OTHER WEAPONS WITH CHAIN/CORD

Not allowed. 

SHIELDS 

Shields must be made in such a way that it will not splinter in any way when it receives thrusts and cuts. Plastic or metal are not approved as materials (but metal bucklers are allowed). Bucklers should not have a diameter exceeding 55 cm.

RULES AND
ORGANISATION

RULES AND ORGANISATION

We expect all participants to acquire the equipment necessary to be a part of this project. We would like to point out that although the weapons used will be blunt, injuries are always a risk. Do not participate in the battles if you do not wish to put yourself at risk. Everyone participating in the battles will do so at their own risk. Neither Battle of Wisby nor its partners may be held responsible for any injuries sustained during the event. No person under the age of 18 may participate in battle.

BATTLEFIELD ORGANISATION

The two armies will be planned in May. With the aid of the photos submitted through your applications, we will divide participants into a Danish side and a Gotlandian side.

THE GOTLANDERS

This army will be compiled according to Medieval Gotlandian organisation: a group or a person is put into a Socken. A number of Socknar form a Ting. The Tingen in turn form a Setting and two or three of those Settingar form the Gotlandian army, supported by units of light troops, archers and other units.

THE DANES

The Danish force is commanded by the Danish King, Valdemar Atterdag, his son Prince Christopher and their foremost knights: the Duke of Saxonia, Claus Limbek, Henning Podebusk and Valdemar Sappi.
Individuals and groups will be organised together in units of different sizes, to form companies. These companies will be lead by Valdemar's trusted knights. The companies will be organised by categories: fighters, light infantry, archers and cavalry.

MUSTER

All participants will be inspected at muster. This is done because we need to know how many participants are attending in the end, that they have got all information they need, that their equipment is approved and that all participants can take part in the battle and use their weapons in a safe manner. Times for muster will be posted later.
All participants must attend one muster before taking part in battle.
All archers should attend shooting practice for the Battle of Wisby. 

BATTLE REHEARSALS

There will be a number of battle rehearsals before the actual battles. For the battle of Mästerby, only commanders need to attend battle rehearsal.
For the Battle of Wisby, all participants must attend battle rehearsal. 

CATEGORIES

There will be a number of different categories of people on the battlefield. 
Fleeing civilians (14th century clothing/equipment)
Never engaging in actual combat.
Light troops (helmet)
Couriers, crossbowmen, bowmen, water carriers and soldiers participating as extras.
Cavalry (14th century clothing/equipment)
Danish cavalry plus Gotlandian soldiers riding on the battlefield.
Fighters (helmet, gauntlets, weapons approved for fighting)
Participants engaging in actual combat.
Crew
Responsible for security and service to the audience. 

FLEEING CIVILIANS

This group of participants will never be in any kind of fight. Participants could be women, men or children. This category exists to show that everybody is affected by an armed conflict. The fleeing civilians will leave the battlefield before the actual battle begins.
Fleeing civilians also help out by distributing water to participants in the battle.

LIGHT TROOPS

Crossbowmen, bowmen, couriers, water carriers and soldiers participating as extras.This category will never be in any direct fight.
As a soldier participating as an extra you will make the battle appear more realistic by adding more people to the battlefield. You can portray anything from a peasant soldier with a spear to a well-armoured nobleman.

CROSSBOWMEN

According to Swedish law, it is prohibited to use crossbows against humans, even with blunted arrows. Because of this, crossbowmen will only fire towards areas unoccupied by people. If you are interested in participating with a crossbow, please contact thomas@battleofwisby.com

ARCHERS

  • Archers can fire only when ordered to, and only at targets specified by the unit leader.
  • Archers will fire at the same time, unit-wise. The opponents targeted must know that they are being fired upon, and when this happens.
  • It is forbidden to fire at opponents engaged in close combat.
  • Arrows must have good quality rubber blunts, that must not be placed over any kind of metal head.
  • All arrows must be inspected by an official inspector prior to the battle. Arrows must be inspected continuously by the shooter and the unit leader to make sure that the blunts have sustained no cracks or damage. If the arrow is damaged it must be broken in two or put aside.
  • The arrows of an archer must be marked with a personal symbol or similar – otherwise it will be impossible to tell which arrow belongs to which shooter once the battle is over.
  • It is forbidden to fire at opponents not wearing armour. All people fired upon must wear at least chainmail or a gambeson.
Clout shooting
Arrows must be fired at an angle of at least 45°. The average firing distance during the battles will be 100 m.
Direct shooting
In order for archers to be allowed to fire directly at opponents, they must first pass a special shooting test.

CAVALRY

Both sides will have horsemen. When you apply for the event, tell us which side you would rather fight on. We will do our best to meet your request, based on your skills, your horse and your equipment. 

THE GOTLANDIAN CAVALRY

The horsemen on the Gotlandian side consists of Gotland locals arriving to the battlefield on horseback. When they have arrived, they dismount, and the horses will be taken to a safe area.

THE DANISH CAVALRY

The Danish cavalry will be divided into several groups according to the battle script. There will most likely be two units. One of these will act as King Valdemar’s body guard, a unit that will ride behind the actual fighting area. The other unit will be more involved in the battle, by riding at high speed along secure lanes through the battlefield, to show the effect of cavalry charges.

FIGHTER

The participants in this category will take active part in the fighting.
- You may NOT engage non-combatants, light infantry or horsemen, unless specifically ordered to, and unless you have practiced this beforehand. 

GENERAL RULES OF ENGAGMENT

  • The basic attitude in these fights should be that the fighting should be SAFE and FUN, both for audience and fighters.
    The attitude is very important – the will to win no matter what will hurt people, and if that happens, you are in the wrong! All injuries and incidents will be investigated. After the fight, our aim is that everyone shall feel that the battle has been safe enough, and not too hard.

  • The battles will be “semi-coordinated”. This means that troop movement and arrow shooting is coordinated, but the actual battle between the units will be “free”. If you fail to show respect and care for your opponents you may be banned from the field.
  • Obey orders without question, and do not leave your unit without letting your unit commander know. This is important, as arrows will be fired at different areas, and cavalry units will charge the field. Your group leader needs to know exactly where you are to avoid injuries. If you fail to follow the orders of your commander, you may be banned from the field.
  • Non-combatants and light troops may not engage in close combat with anyone. If you find yourself in a situation where this could be the case, fighter units may make a mock “cutdown”, where they pretend to cut their targets down. No physical contact whatsoever is allowed, neither with body nor weapons.
  • All weapons (including knives) must follow the weapons regulation stated by the Battle of Wisby crew.
  • It is absolutely forbidden to consume alcohol the same day as a fight or a practice fight takes place (from 00:00 o’clock until the fight is over).
  • When arrows are being fired at your unit, your commander will shout "Pilar!/Arrows!". When this command is issued, look down into the ground. If you have a shield, raise it. Do not look up until the order "Pilar slut/No more arrows" is issued. Never look up at falling arrows!
  • You are not allowed to fight with your visor down against opponents with open helmets. A lot of people will have open helmets, and if all visors are up, visibility will improve significantly. Furthermore, you will probably be a bit more careful when engaging your opponents. All in all, this means a safer fight.
  • If somebody shouts STOPP or HOLD, all fighting in the concerned units must stop. If an injury has occurred, shout "Sjukvårdare!/Medic!" or "Skadad!/Wounded!". Never shout these words if there isn’t an actual injury.
    - Take care not to step on fallen fighters.

USING YOUR BODY WHEN FIGHTING

You may not take hold of an opponent’s weapon if it doesn’t have a wooden shaft. You may push or trip your opponent if this is done in a controlled, safe way.

THE FORCE OF BLOWS AND THRUSTS

You blows should only be hard enough for your opponent to register them, and never so hard that there is any risk of wounding your opponent. You may not use any force against unarmored body parts, but if your opponent wears a gambeson or chainmail, you may use moderate force. You may hit harder only when your opponent wears plate or the like. 

ALLOWED TARGET AREAS

Thrusts
  • The points of weapons used for thrusting must always be pointed downwards. When you thrust, you are only allowed to hit the torso below the V that is formed from shoulders to chest.
  • Thrusts against neck or throat, hands, joints, groin and feet are forbidden. An accidental hit in these areas will not count as a hit.
  • A thrust should be made horizontally or downwards – never upwards.
  • Try not to hit the upper half of a shield – the weapon might glance and hit your opponent’s face.
Blows
  • The whole body below the neck is considered a valid target area – again, except for neck or throat, hands, joints, groin and feet, which are off-limits. An accidental hit at these areas will not count as a hit.
  • The head is considered an invalid target area by default, but may be allowed as a valid target provided that: 
  • Your opponent’s helmet is designed in such a way, and the angle of your blow is carried out in such a way, that there is no risk that the blow glances off the helmet and hits neck, throat or face.
  • Even if your opponent takes a step back or turns his head, you would still hit the head.

RULES FOR SPECIFIC WEAPONS

Two-handed cutting weapons
Take specific care not to use too much force with these.
Daggers/clubs
Never use these weapons with force – it might severely injure your opponent. 
Axe
You are not allowed to use your axe to grapple clothing, armor or body. If your weapon gets tangled by accident, you must let go of it to avoid injury.

TAKING A HIT

Depending on what armor you wear, you have a certain amount of hit points. A soldier wearing only gauntlets and a helmet has a single point. If a fighter wears more armor, he will obtain more hit points. The exact amount of hit points will be announced later, but the maximum amount will range from 3-5 points.
A person equipped with the following will receive the maximum number of hit points:
  • Legs: Chainmail, splinted leg protection or plate legs.
  • Body: Chainmail PLUS coat-of-plates.
  • Arms: Chainmail.
  • Head: Bascinet with aventail
  • Hands: Plate gauntlets with collar.
Even if you wear additional armor compared to the above, you won’t get any more bonus hit points.
Every hit you take costs one of your hit points. A hit by an arrow spends one point, although ricocheting arrows don’t.
If you withdraw from battle and are well out of harm’s way for 30 seconds (count to 60) all your hit points are restored.
If all your hit points are spent, you will “die” or get “mortally wounded”. We encourage you to act as if you were really dying. Screams and general theatrical behaviour is a great plus and will be appreciated by everyone, your fellow fighters and audience alike!
If you “die” among other fighters, protect your head and lie on one side. Do not fall on anybody else's upper body or head. If you have “died” or if you are “severely wounded”, you will remain on the battlefield until the battle is over, unless someone carries you off the field or you get a order to come "alive" again.
If too few people in a unit “die”, the unit commander may order people to do so, to make the battle more realistic to the audience. 

MEASURES TAKEN IN CASE OF INJURY

Immediate measures
  • Make all fighting in the immediate vicinity of the injured person cease by shouting "STOP/HOLD".
  • Make room.
  • Perform first aid.
  • Decide if you need to call a medic to your location, or if the wounded is fit to walk by himself to the nearest medic.
  • If medics are needed, shout "MEDIC", and make sure that your unit commander is aware of what is happening.
  • When the wounded is moved off the field, a comrade must always accompany him. The unit commander must be informed about who is leaving, which type of injury has occurred, and whether the wounded is fit to walk.
  • The overall battlefield commander must be notified as soon as possible.
Investigation following injury or incident
“Incident” means a situation that might have led to injury, but fortunately did not.
After the battle, there will be a follow-up on what happened. When someone is wounded, it is crucial that the person responsible is identified. The overall battlefield commander will appoint three people to perform the investigation.
These three will interview people who saw what happened, including of course the people directly involved.
The investigators will then present a written report. It must contain:
  • Who was put in danger/wounded?
  • Who was responsible?
  • What happened?
  • Why did it happen? I.e. was it an accident or did somebody act carelessly?
The overall battlefield commander will then decide the consequences, which may be any of the following:
  • None.
  • A warning.
  • Battle practice with inspectors.
  • The person responsible for the incident or injury may not take part in any fighting for the rest of the event.
  • The person responsible for the injury may never again take part in fighting among the groups following these rules.
We hope that all participants will behave in a safe manner during the battles.
Thomas Neijman, overall battlefield commander. 

Workshops

Various workshops will be arranged in the BoW camp. We offer classes within different crafts, dancing, cooking and swordfighting etc.

Workshops

To participate, you have to be either living in the Battle of Wisby camp or in the Styringheim camp, and/or fighting in at least one of the battles, and/or sign up as a volunteer. 

A volunteer can help us out with various chores, such as fence building, water carrying during the battles etc. The number of volunteers are limited. You sign up as a volunteer when you sign up to a workshop. 1 workshop = 1 hour of volunteer service. 


Volunteers need to sign up as participants in the Battle of Wisby. All participants must wear 14th century clothing according to the standards of Battle of Wisby. 

Organisers are not responsible for cancelled workshops.

To sign up to a workshop you send an email to. workshop@battleofwisby.com
1 email per workshop, in the subject field state what workshop you would like to attend. 
Ex. "Subject- Medieval stitches. 
I would like to sign up to Medieval stitches. 
Name- Maria Neijman
Group- Battle of Wisby. 
If the workshop is full, put me on the waiting list. 
/ Maria" 

Schedule:

Sunday 7 August

Spoon carving
10:00- 13:00
Price: 150 sek including material
Basics of spoon carving - make your own spoon with hand tools
10 participants
If you want- bring your own knife
Teacher- Riku Pasanen

Cooking in camp
12:00- 15:00
Price: 150 sek + shared cost of ingredients 
3 hours speed course to cooking medieval in camp fire 
- making the fire and keeping it 
- camp hygiene 
- pots and pans = what to use to cook your food 
- making three course meal together
 8 participants
Bring apron and if possible kitchen knife
Teachers: Mervi Pasanen & Saara Nironen

Medieval weaving - EXTRA WORKSHOP
14:00- 17:00 
Price: 300 sek 
A workshop for you that would like to understand, weave and get at collection of samples in medieval weaving techniques. We are weaving on small frames and you will set up your weave to get an understanding of the whole weaving process
8 participants 
Teacher: Amica Sundström

The secrets of fencing- beginners 
15:30- 17:00
Price: 150 sek
6 participants
Teacher: Nils-Erik Fahlvik

Monday 8 August

Crash course in medieval free style embroidery techniques
10:30 - 12:30 
Price: 200 sek including material
We will go through a number of stitches and materials used and all participants will try them out. Materials used will be silk and wool thread on linen.
12 participants
Teacher: Anna Malmborg

Veils, veils, veils!
- Veils, wimples and how to wear them
13:00- 15:00
Price: 100 sek
This workshop takes a journey through different styles of women's veils worn during the 14th century. We'll look at medieval images and recreate the looks. There will be some show and tell as well as time for discussion. Lots of practical - and historical - tips on how to vary your veil styles and how to make it all stay put all day
20 participants
Teacher: Elina Sojonen

Medieval weaving
14:00- 17:00
Price: 300 sek
A workshop for you that would like to understand, weave and get at collection of samples in medieval weaving techniques. We are weaving on small frames and you will set up your weave to get an understanding of the whole weaving process
8 participants
Teacher: Amica Sundström

The secrets of fencing- women only
15:30- 17:00 
Price: 150 sek 
6 participants 
Teacher: Nils-Erik Fahlvik

Bronze casting for beginners

10:00 - 16:00 including lunch break
Price: 350 sek. Price may be subject to change
4 participants
Bronze sandcasting for beginners. We will use the medieval technique sandcasting with rather unmedieval casting sand to create bronze copies of models you bring for the course. Bring models of what you want to cast in bronze (the workshop holder has a limited amount of models). Models should not be larger than 6-7 across, not taller than 12 cm, and not thicker than 1 cm. Things like belt buckles or belt decoration can be cast in multipes in a single mould. They should not be too tree-dimentional: models are packed into the sand from both sides and then removed. Too complex 3-dimentional models will destroy the sand mould.

Teacher: Endre Fodstad

Tuesday 9 August

Leatherworking - making a pouch or purse
9:00- 13:00
Price: 190 sek including material
In this workshop, you will get a small introduction in 14th century fashion in leather and we will then make a small leather pouch or purse.
The goal is to leave with a finished product. When registering, please let us know what you would like to make. We can also support different projects if you let us know well in advance
8 participants
Teacher: Nijso Beishuizen

Hand spinning for beginners- EXTRA WORKSHOP 
11:00- 13:00 
Price: 250 sek including drop spindle and wool 
Learn how to make yarn with a drop spindle. Start making your own yarns for nalbinding, embroidery and sewing. We spin combed and carded wool with a simple, bottom-weighted spindle and explore the construction and uses of different yarns, as well as different types of wool, suited for different projects 
8 participants 
Teacher: Anna Lindemark

Hairstyles and care of the 14th century women's hair
13:30- 16:00
Price: 230 sek including material
Everyone recognise the veil &wimple worn by the 14th century women, but was that it? In this workshop we look at and try some different hairstyles from the 14th century and talk some about haircare of the time. Bring a medieval comb and mirror if you have one. This workshop is best suited for those who have shoulder lenght hair or longer
10 participants
Teacher: Andrea Håkansson

A touch of gold
14:00-17:00
Price350:- including materials, fabric, gold, silks, a simple frame
Embroidery workshop where we try a few common techniques of gold work, used in the medieval textile treasures and seen in courts and churches. Couching with jap gold, filling a surface with silks and adding some beads. Some sewing skills will be needed in order to participate
8 participants
Teacher: Fia Makalös Lindblom

Textile tools
10:00- 13:00
Price: 150 sek including material
This workshop teaches how to make drop spindle stick and simple embroidery frame
10 participants
If you want, bring your own knife
Teacher: Riku Pasanen

The secrets of fencing- advanced 
15:30- 17:00 
Price: 150 sek 
6 participants 
Teacher: Nils-Erik Fahlvik

Wednesday 10 August

Make you own St. Bridget cap
10:00- 13:00
Price: 250 sek All material is included in the price, even needles and thread but bring your own thread scissors.
We look at the different stitches stitches and the anatomy of the cap and start on making one of your own.
8 participants
Teacher: Cathrin Åhlén

Hand spinning for beginners
11:00- 13:00
Price: 250 sek including drop spindle and wool
Learn how to make yarn with a drop spindle. Start making your own yarns for nalbinding, embroidery and sewing. We spin combed and carded wool with a simple, bottom-weighted spindle and explore the construction and uses of different yarns, as well as different types of wool, suited for different projects
8 participants
Teacher: Anna Lindemark

Medieval stitches
13:30-15:30
Price: 150 sek including material
Experiment with different stitches and sewing techniques for different materials. How to sew linen and wool, and what stitches and yarns to use, based on historical examples. If you want to know how to work with a material you already have, bring it along
12 participants
Teacher: Christine Carnie

Needles and pins 
13:30-17:00
Price: 150 sek + material cost  If you make brass needles, the cost for the materials will be very low, about 50 SEK. There will be gold and gemstones available for those who want to go all in, they cost more.
We will make and discuss different kinds of needles and pins, from a historical context. You decide what you want to make. Sewing needle, veil pins? 
10 participants
Teacher: Martin Petersson

Friday 12 August

Soapstone turning
11:00-13:00 
Price: 250 sek including all materials
An introductory course to soapstone turning, learn the basics of how to make your own flywheel or spindle whorl on a simple bow lathe. Bring an apron or piece of cloth to keep the ABUNDANT dust from your clothes. We will have about 30 minutes introduction plus time to complete your lathe work, so about 90 minutes in total, but since there only are two lathes available we will have to work staggered over a few hours so flexibility will be required from the participants. All tools will be supplied
8 participants
Teacher: Johan Sjöberg

Cords and strings
10:00- 12:00
Price:250 sek including all materials
This workshop teaches you a number of techniques for making cords and strings. Try fingerloop braiding, various types of plied cords, lucet braiding and tunnel-woven bands. We will discuss similarities and differences between the various techniques, and you will have the opportunity to compare the different resulting qualities
12 participants
Teachers: Amica Sundström and Maria Neijman

Medieval tablet weaving
14:00- 17:00
Price:250 sek including cardboard tablets + woolen yarn for practicing
3 hour course to weaving your dress accessories like garters, silk belt and head band
continuous warping
10 participants
Teacher: Mervi Pasanen

Hand spinning - intermediate
13:00- 15:00
Price: 250 sek including drop spindle and wool
Take your spinning to the next level - we use top- and bottom-weighted spindles to spin wool, and discuss different spinning methods, including various drafting methods, supported spinning, and the Medieval-style long draw using a distaff. Ply technique, finishing, use of different yarns and more
8 participants
Teacher: Anna Lindemark

Apply for
participation

Do you want to participate in the project? Apply for participation today and join hundreds of re-enactors in making Battle of Wisby III the grandest event of the year.

Apply for participation

Using the link below, you will find the application form for participation. It is important that you read through the information and guides presented on this webpage before applying.

To make the organisers' work more efficient and increase the quality of the event, please apply with sufficient details and fill out the form accordingly.
One contact person per group should apply for participation. This person can access the web application form several times, to make adjustments to the application. Login is done using your Facebook account.

We need your application for the Battle of Wisby event as soon as possible!
April 30th. LAST APPLICATION DATE for those who wish to participate in the event and stay in the camp.

June 30th. LAST APPLICATION DATE for those who wish to participate in the event, but not stay in the camp.

As a participant in the Battle of Wisby event, you are expected to take part in the activities associated with the event.

If you are a new Battle of Wisby participant, we would like you to send us a photo of yourself in your Medieval outfit, and a picture of your tent if you are planning to stay in the camp. Please enclose the photos to your application. 

Why do we need photos? We want your equipment to fit into the context of the Baltic sea region during the mid-14th century. In this matter, we will be very rigid, which means some of your equipment might have to be modified to fit in. The sooner you send us your pictures, the better; then you will have more time to make any necessary adjustments to your gear. Read more about this in the equipment rules.

Camp info

Camp info

The Battle of Wisby camp is located right beside the city wall of Wisby, featuring a stunning view over one of the best preserved Medieval sceneries in Europe. The camp will be located in Östergravar outside the walls of Wisby.
CAMP RULES
All camp inhabitants must be registered before they arrive. We are unfortunately not able to accept applications during the event. When you leave your camp site, it must be clean and approved by the Battle of Wisby crew. 
FIRE
If you plan to have a fire in your camp, you will need a fire extinguisher. Should you lack one, you won’t be allowed to make a fire. Firewood will be provided. 
HYGIENE
There will be water taps in camp and a place to do dishes. Toilets will be located inside the camp. Showers can be found in a nearby school, ca. 300m from the camp. 
SLEEPING
We will provide straw for bedding. Before you leave camp, please leave used straw at the appointed place.

GUARD DUTY
During the whole event we have 480 guard hours to fill. Guard hours start at 8:00 PM and ends 8:00 AM. Every guard hour has four guards at the same time. You are free to choose as many hours as you like. The compensation is 10€/hour. 
Information about guard duty will be provided when applying. 

Apply to: guard@battleofwisby.com

Tournament

During the event there will be two tournaments on foot. One for fully armoured noblemen and one for men-at-arms. Armour spanning the years 1300 to 1400 is permitted. Participants will fight with various cold weapons.

Tournament

The Men at arms tournament at the Battle of Wisby

The tournament will be held at the Battle of Wisby camp on Wednesday 10th of August. Participating men at arms will register at the camp of the Bohemian company, within the Battle of Wisby camp. Registration is open between Sunday noon and Wednesday noon.  Ask for Armin.  

The tournament will be open to a maximum of 24 men at arms. In order for you to be able to participate, your armour must be approved by the organisers. When there are 24 registered and approved men at arms, the registration will close.  

 The tournament will be fought on foot with two kinds of weapons. Sword and shield and spear (all blunted for re-enactment, of course). Men at arms must bring their own weapons to the tournament. Weapons will not be provided. Rules for the tournament will be provided by the group Bohemian company. We do not approve of any kicks, baschdown or cross checking. Anyone doing this will be disqualified.

The Tournaments will be official and carried out before an audience. 

The Knightly tournament-on-foot at the Battle of Wisby. 

The tournament will be held at the Battle of Wisby camp on Friday 12th of August. Participating Knights register at the camp of the Companie of Saint Sebastian, within the Battle of Wisby camp. Registration is open between Sunday noon and Wednesday noon. 
Ask for Martin Wallgren. 

The tournament will be open to a maximum of 16 knights. In order for you to be able to participate, your armour must be approved by the organisers. When there are 16 registered and approved knights, the registration will close. 

The tournament will be fought on foot with three kinds of weapons. Sword and shield, spear and poleaxe (all blunted for re-enactment, of course). Knights must bring their own weapons to the tournament. Weapons will not be provided. A participating knight will need full armour, a helmet with a visor, and displayed heraldry - either on his shield, banner or tabard, or all of those. The Knightly tournament is based on a system of points. We do not approve of any kicks, baschdown or cross checking. Anyone doing this will be disqualified.

The Tournaments will be official and carried out before an audience. 


Schedule

Schedule

Below you will find the preliminary schedule for the Battle of Wisby. The schedule will be updated regularly during the spring.

WEEK 31

Friday 5/8
  • Camp opens for participants
Sunday 7/8
  • Medieval week in Wisby opens
  • 11:00- 17:00 Camp opens for public 
  • 10:00- 13:00 Workshop- Spoon carving
  • 12:00- 15:00 Workshop- Cooking in camp
  • 14:00- 17:00 Workshop- Medieval weaving- Extra
  • 13:00- 15:00 Muster
  • 15:30- 17:00 Workshop- The secrets of fencing- beginners 
  • 17:00- 18:00 Lecture- Skor och skomakeri under medeltiden- Strand Hotell
  • 19:00 > Hello, welcome and get to know the each other -picnic party

WEEK 32

Monday 8/8
  • 10:45- 11:00 Information meeting in camp- Workshop area
  • 11:00- 17:00 Camp opens for public 
  • 10:00- 16:00 Workshop- Bronze casting
  • 10:30 - 12:30 Workshop- Crash course in medieval free style embroidery 
  • 11:00 Show and tell- To decorate a sheath
  • 13:00 Muster- Make sure to be there in time and make sure to bring all equipment that you intend to use during battle
  • 13:00- 15:00 Workshop- Veils, veils, veils!
  • 14:00- 17:00 Workshop- Medieval weaving
  • 15:00- 16:00 Mounted training & Formation fighting practice
  • 15:30- 17:00 Workshop- The secrets of fencing- women only
  • 16:00- 17:00 Lecture- Italian fashion during the late 14th century- Strand Hotell
Tuesday 9/8
  • 9:00-13:00 Workshop- Leatherworking - making a pouch or purse
  • 10:00- 13:00 Workshop- Textile tools
  • 10:45- 11:00 Information meeting in camp- Workshop area
  • 11:00- 17:00 Camp opens for public 
  • 11:00- 13:00 Workshop- Hand spinning for beginners- Extra
  • 13:00 Muster- Make sure to be there in time and make sure to bring all equipment that you intend to use during battle
  • 13:30- 16:00 Workshop- Hairstyles and care of the 14th century women's hair
  • 14:00- 17:00 Workshop- A touch of gold
  • 15:00- 16:30 Show and tell- From cocoon to silk yarn
  • 15:30- 17:00 The secrets of fencing- advanced 
  • 17:30- 18:30 Battle for fun 
  • 20:00- > Campfire talk-The medieval textiles and reenactment
Wednesday 10/8
  • 10:45- 11:00 Information meeting in camp- Workshop area
  • 11:00- 17:00 Camp opens for public 
  • 10:00- 13:00 Workshop-  Make you own St. Bridget cap
  • 11:00-13:00 Workshop- Hand spinning for beginners
  • 11:30- 12:30 Show and tell- Armborst under 1300-talets Gotland 
  • 13:00 Muster- Make sure to be there in time and make sure to bring all equipment that you intend to use during battle
  • 13:00- 14:00 Lecture- A look at medieval hunting- Strand Hotell
  • 13:30-15:00 Workshop- Medieval stitches
  • 13:30- 17:00 Workshop- Needles and pins
  • 14:00 > Men-at Arms tournament 
  • 15:30- 17:00 Show and tell- From flax to linen yarn
  • 20:00 > Campfire talk- The medieval metal and reenactment
  • Rehearsal Battle of Mästerby, commanders only
Thursday 11/8
  • Camp is closes for public
  • 10:45 Bus to Mästerby
  • 11:30 Arriving in Mästerby 
  • Lunch sandwich
  • 14:00 Battle of Mästerby
  • 15:45 Bus to Visby 
  • 17:00- 18:00 Lecture- Trifling treasures!? The social and cultural meanings of dress accessories in 14th to 16th century Europe- Strand Hotell
Friday 12/8
  • 11:00- 17:00 Camp opens for public 
  • 10:00-12:00 Workshop-  Cords and strings
  • 11:00-13:00 Workshop- Soapstone turning
  • 13:00-15:00 Workshop- Hand spinning - intermediate
  • 13:00 Make sure to be there in time and make sure to bring alla equipment that you intend to use during battle
  • 14:00-17:00 Workshop- Medieval tablet weaving
  • 14:00 > Knights tournament 
  • 17:00- 18:00 Lecture- Making Garments for the BBC series Secrets of the Castle- Strand Hotell
  • 20:00 > Campfire talk- The medieval very day items and reenactment
Saturday 13/8
  • 11:00- 17:00 Camp opens for public- closed during battle
  • 10:00- 12:00 Rehearsal for the Battle of Wisby
  • 14:00 Battle of Wisby
Sunday 14/8 
  • Camp closed for visitors
  • 15:00 Danes' entry into the city 
 - Mon 14-15/8
  • Breaking of camp
The Medieval Week
The Medieval Week is a festival in Wisby that was first held in 1983. The festival attracts about 40 000 visitors and offers a wealth of activities.
Mounted training
Battle training for horses. Infantry is needed for training the horses to perform cavalry charges through the infantry lines.
Muster
All active Battle of Wisby fighters must pass muster. The mustering is held in the camp and consists of an equipment check and basic battle training.
Knights tournament
Tournament with steel weapons, for fully armored noblemen.
Men at Arms tournament
Tournament with steel weapons, for Men-at-Arms
Battle for fun
Battle in Östergravar, south of the camp. Perhaps with an audience or just for fun.
Battle of Mästerby
Reenactment of the Battle of Mästerby 1361.
Rehearsal of the Battle of Wisby
All participants MUST attend.
Battle of Wisby
Reenactment of the Battle of Wisby 1361. More information under "Battle of Wisby".
Danes' entry into the city
Two days after the Battle of Visby, an agreement between the Danish King Valdemar IV and the city were written. On Sunday there is a march to pay attention to the Danes' entry into the city.
Workshops
During the week, a number of workshops will be held in camp. Only for Battle of Wisby participants

Travel
to Gotland

Gotland is a beautiful island with lots of interesting spots for the tourist and the reenactor both. We recommend that you make a tour in the countryside during your visit to the island.

Travel to Gotland

From the Swedish mainland you reach Gotland by ferry or by plane. Information on ferries and flights can be found online, at Destination Gotland, which also supplies information on accommodation if you don’t plan to live in camp. This late in the year it is very hard to find suitable accommodation in Visby during week 32. Make your reservations as soon as possible! 

FERRY

The ferry departs from three locations – Nynäshamn (about 60 km south of Stockholm), Västervik and Oskarshamn (both on the south-east coast of Sweden). Participants travelling by car from Europe should catch the ferry from Oskarshamn – it is by far the closest alternative. Don't wait too long to make your reservations, especially if you have a larger vehicle! 

FLIGHTS

Gotlandsflyg departs daily from Stockholm/Bromma. The flight takes about 35-45 minutes. You can also catch a plane from Helsinki, Malmö, Gothenburg or several other locations in Sweden. The airport in Visby is located only five minutes' drive from Visby city centre. Another alternative is to fly to Stockholm and then take a bus from Stockholm Central Station to the ferry in Nynäshamn. The bus stops just next to the ferry terminal. Buses are booked with the ferry booking. 

ABOUT GOTLAND

Gotland is a beautiful island with lots of interesting spots for the tourist and the reenactor both. We recommend that you take a tour around the countryside during your visit on the island. The Gotland tourist office has lots of interesting information. 

The Battle of Wisby event is carried out in conjunction with the so-called Medeltidsveckan, (“The Medieval Week”). The Medieval Week has been an annual event since 1984 and offers loads of seminars, guided tours, shows, a huge market and all sorts of things focused on the Middle Ages. 

A nice venue for medievalists is Kapitelhusgården. Be sure to pay them a visit! 

The Museum of Gotland will have an exhibition with focus on the battles of 1361. Here, some of the finds from the mass graves from the Battle of Wisby are on display. Most of the extant finds are preserved at the History Museum in Stockholm. Their exhibition Medieval Massacre focuses on the events of 1361.